Importance of Insomnia Medication

About 60 million people in the United States suffer from insomnia with most of them continuing to live with sleep disorder.

Insomnia has symptoms like unable to fall asleep, sleeping for short periods of time, unable to concentrate in any active the next day and irritability.

Doctors usually prescribe drugs for the treatment of insomnia which should be taken for a short periods of time to avoid dependence. You should not drive after taking insomnia medication as it might be difficult to concentrate. You should take these insomnia medications along with practicing good sleeping habits.

It leads to various other health disorders like obesity, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and depression. The U.S. Surgeon General indicates that about $15 billion is spent on healthcare related to insomnia annually with an estimated $50 billion loss in productivity. Insomnia medications are divided into three categories- the over-the-counter products containing antihistamines; the prescr iption medications – benzodiazepines and antidepressants.

Some common insomnia medications are:

Ambien: This drug though effective, works only for a short period of time and people tend to wake up after a few hours of sleep. The new form, Ambien CR helps you to sleep for longer periods of time.

Lunesta: Lunesta also induces sleep quickly and you can sleep for 7 to 8 hours in a stretch.

Rozerem: The USFDA has given approval to the New Drug Application (NDA) for Rozerem (ramelteon) 8-mg tablets. This drug is more effective than other insomnia medications as it targets the sleep-wake cycle and does not induce sleep by depression of the central nervous system.

It is prescribed for long periods of time and this is the only prescribed insomnia medication which does not cause any form of dependence or abuse.

It has not been labeled as a controlled substance by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). All other insomnia medications fall under Schedule IV controlled substances by the DEA. Rozerem is also the first prescription insomnia medication with a new therapeutic mechanism of action in 35 years.

Sonata: This insomnia medication is active in the body for a very short period of time helping you to fall asleep on your own. It does not cause grogginess.

Benzodiazepines: These insomnia medications like Halcion, Restoril remains in the body system for longer periods of time. They also treat sleep disorders like sleepwalking and night terrors. They however, tend to make you groggy as well as cause addiction.

Antidepressants: As most of the cases of insomnia are related to depression, antidepressants like trazodone (Desyrel), are effective insomnia medications.

Over-the-Counter Sleep medications like antihistamines are also effective as they help inducing sleep.

They are called Sedative-Hypnotic Medications as they help in decreasing the time taken to fall asleep and increase the period of being asleep.< /p>

These medications are approved by United States Food and Drug Agency (FDA) and have gone through strict testing in clinical trials, and are considered safe and effective. These insomnia medications come into a group of drugs called as benzodiazepines, or into a newer class of drugs known as “non-benzodiazepine, benzodiazepine receptor agonists.”

Recently, research findings indicate a new short term dose of a drug named zolpidem extended-release which has been a very effective form of treatment for insomnia.

Clinical trials of this drug of dosage 12.5 mg, taken for a period of three to seven nights a week for about six months has proven that it results in considerable improvement in sleep onset and its maintenance helping in improved concentration among the patients.